Your knowledge base. Everything about electromobility, explanation of concepts, taxes and many other issues.
Types of drives
- ICE - is an English abbreviation for Internal Combustion Engine. This designation covers internal combustion engines, both gasoline and diesel;
- MHEV , or Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle, which in Poland we call the so-called soft hybrid. It is a solution accompanying internal combustion engines, in which the electric motor takes over the role of starter and alternator. Thanks to its design and a separate, small battery, the MHEV system is able to recover energy for example when braking and use it to power the car's electrical systems, thereby reducing the load on the power unit. The electric motor in the soft hybrid system is not able to provide us with propulsion, but it can support the internal combustion engine, e.g. during acceleration, allows for a much smoother operation of the Start / Stop system, and can also support the hybrid system, e.g. in the hybrid Renault Clio. According to various studies, the MHEV system can reduce fuel consumption and thus CO2 emissions by up to 10-15%,
- HEV is an abbreviation for the expression Hybrid Electric Vehicle, in Poland this type of drive is usually referred to as the so-called full hybrid. It is nothing more than a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. It can be implemented in various ways, we will not go further into this topic here. The most important thing is that in the case of a hybrid drive, the car is able to operate only on short electric distances. This means that for some time the internal combustion engine stays off and our car behaves like an electric car. To make this possible, in hybrid cars we have a relatively powerful electric motor and batteries with a capacity of 1-2 kWh, which are charged e.g. during braking, approaching lights or using excess power of the internal combustion engine.
- PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) can be charged from the power socket. The principle of operation of such a drive is similar to that of a standard hybrid, with the only difference that here the battery is much larger (often from 9 to even 13 kWh) and allows you to drive in electric mode a longer distance, even over 50 km. Such a battery would be difficult to charge while recovering energy during braking, which is why plug-in hybrids can be charged from an electrical outlet. These types of vehicles have been increasing recently, because they allow to achieve above average CO2 emissions in exhaust emissions tests. Electric motors in cars with PHEV drive are usually strong enough to ensure adequate dynamics and reach speeds exceeding 100 km / h (most often they are around 130 km / h).
- BEV is the abbreviation for Battery Electric Vehicle, which means battery powered electric vehicle. In such cars, we only have an engine or electric motors and a set of batteries that provide energy. Battery capacity can be very different, from several kWh to even nearly 100 kWh as in Tesla cars. Of course, the larger the battery pack, the heavier the car and the more space it takes, but also provide greater range.
- FCEV, or Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle. There are the fewest such cars on the market, because in fact it is only Toyota Mirai and Hyundai Nexo. These are cars equipped with an electric motor, but the energy source is not a battery, but pure hydrogen. The use of fuel cells and the appropriate chemical reaction of hydrogen with oxygen (taken from the air) creates electricity and water. The latter is discharged via the exhaust system, and the energy supplies a small battery and an electric motor. By using hydrogen as fuel, refueling is much faster than charging a battery, and the car remains zero-emission, like BEVs. Unfortunately, this type of propulsion is not the most complicated and expensive, and hydrogen refueling stations are simply lacking.
- PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) can be charged from the power socket. The principle of operation of such a drive is similar to that of a standard hybrid, with the only difference that here the battery is much larger (often from 9 to even 13 kWh) and allows you to drive in electric mode a longer distance, even over 50 km. Such a battery would be difficult to charge while recovering energy during braking, which is why plug-in hybrids can be charged from an electrical outlet. These types of vehicles have been increasing recently, because in exhaust emissions tests they allow to achieve above average CO2 emissions. Electric motors in cars with PHEV drive are usually strong enough to ensure adequate dynamics and reach speeds exceeding 100 km / h (most often they are around 130 km / h).
- EREV - Extended-range electric vehicle - a series hybrid car, characterized by increased range, i.e. a car powered by an electric motor, but at the same time equipped with an internal combustion engine used as a generator to charge the battery.
EVBox Elvi (AC)
3,7 kW, 7,4 kW, 11kW, 22kW
Type 1 lub Type 2
Cable 4m lub 8m
EVBox BusinessLine (AC)
3,7 kW, 7,4 kW, 11kW, 22kW
Resistant to temperature, humidity and damage
EVBox Troniq (DC)
50 kW – 350 kW
CHAdeMO, Type 2, CCS2
Charging AC I DC
By 2021, all car manufacturers operating in the EU must adapt their products so that the average emission of all vehicles sold is less than 95g / km.
After 2020, when the average CO2 emissions of vehicles sold in a given year exceed 95g / km, the manufacturer will pay 95 euros for each g / km of exceeding the standard.
For example, if the average CO2 emission in 2021 for one producer is 100g / km, then for sale 500,000. pcs. the company will pay a fine of (100g / km-95g / km) x 500,000 x 95 euros = 237.5 million euros.
In 2019, there are 10 car manufacturers operating in the EU, selling> 500,000 cars per year, of which 4 sellers over 1 million .
None of the above manufacturers achieved an average emission <95g / 100 km in 2019.
Benefits for the user
You use city bus lanes
You park for free in the paid parking zones in many cities
You charge your vehicle for free in a network of free public chargers
You get rid of the risk of the car decreasing
You use the option to run a complete charging infrastructure in the office or home
You get comprehensive service along with insurance and assistance 24/7