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The available range of electric car models is growing rapidly. People who are not up to date with news from the automotive world may be surprised by how many vehicles have already been sold or will soon be available in showrooms. The growing interest in electricians and the increase in the number of available models are driving each other.
With an electric car, you can leave the salon of almost every major manufacturer. In Europe, drivers can order one of 54 models from 22 manufacturers. The PSA group has the most - as many as 9, 5 Renault, Mercedes or Tesla each. Pro-ecological customers can choose even Jaguar or Porsche. Equally important from the number of available models is that we can choose from representatives of all segments. A small city car - here you go: Volkswagen eUp !, SMART ForTwo, Skoda CityGo or a slightly larger Renault Zoe is just the beginning of the list. Looking for comfort for the whole family, you can choose Hyundai Kona, Kia e-Niro or a slightly larger Audi e-Tron. For some, it may also be a surprise that electrics are well established in the commercial vehicle segment (Citroen Berlingo, Renault Kangoo ZE, Mercedes e-Vito, VW Crafter) and are increasingly boldly pushing among sports - in 2020 it will be possible on roads already meet Porsche Taycan and Tesla Roadster, and Maserati GT is planned for 2021.
There is no doubt that the choice will be increasing. Over the next two years, the number of fully electric drive models will increase to over 100. This means a five-fold increase compared to 2018. If we also consider hybrid cars with the possibility of recharging from the socket (plug-in hybrid) and vehicles fuel cell driven, we will have more than 200 different models to choose from next year.
The growing offer, combined with the rapid development of infrastructure and the increasingly better parameters of electric cars, translate into their popularity. According to analysts from the consulting company McKinsey, in 2020 the electric vehicles segment may already constitute 5-7 percent. European market, and in 2021 to reach a two-digit level, which would mean sales exceeding one million units per year.
The availability of fast chargers is not necessary at all to comfortably use an electric car on a daily basis.
According to the latest InsightOut Lab and Volkswagen survey from April this year *, the average daily distance traveled by car is 51.3 km. Every electrician currently available can drive several times more on one charge, and you can charge it at home. It is only convenient, but also beneficial for batteries. Frequent topping up on fast chargers can reduce battery life.
When and where is the best way to charge an electric car?
It is best to connect the car to the charging station at night, at home or at the company's headquarters. During overnight parking, charging time does not matter much, and the user can take advantage of the cheaper night tariff. In addition, we do not load the network then, and most other energy consumers are turned off. The manufacturers of chargers and EV vehicles know this very well, which is why they allow programming the device's working time. However, fast charging with direct current (DC stations) should be used only when it is necessary - e.g. on the road or when the driver must use the car very quickly. Using this charging method too often can lead to a decrease in battery capacity and shorten its life cycle.
Loading full? Unnecessary!
Users of an electric car do not have to charge it every day to 100% of the battery capacity. Not only does he not have to, but he shouldn't. - Frequently charging the battery fully, as in the case of a mobile phone, significantly shortens its lifetime. Many electric cars now have so-called long battery life modes, thanks to which charging ends automatically after reaching the level of 80% - informs Radosław Kitala from the company Arval Service Lease Polska, which deals in long-term rental of vehicles. So when should you charge the battery to 100% of its capacity? - In fact, only when we plan a longer journey and maximum range are we really needed. Alternatively, if the manufacturer suggests - in accordance with his recommendations, for example in the case of Tesla, it should be at least once every three months in order to equalize the tensions in the cells - adds Radosław Kitala.
It is better to charge more often and less
The makers of lithium-ion batteries have no doubt about that. Given the battery life cycles, the optimal charge level for most current technologies is in the range of 50 - 80%.
*Ariadne panel on a nationwide sample of N = 1101